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European prehistoric art

Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic architecture, sculpture, painting and
craft general.
ever known, the earliest European art works appear in the front-end of the
Upper Paleolithic, dating from about 2.5 to 3 million years ago, the Earth in
the Tamaki ice age. This Paleolithic art, disappeared with the end of the Ice
Age about 10,000 years BC. Mesolithic art types increased, with the imbalance
of regional cultural development, independently developed art traditions,
different degrees of evolution for the Neolithic art..Their performance begin
with animal-based, realistic tactics and vivid. One of the most prominent
representatives of the Lascaux caves in France and Spain's Altamira cave
paintings. The Lascaux cave animals image momentum majestic, full of dynamic,
full of rough original flavor and vitality of the wild. Altamira cave painting
"wounded bison, depicts the bison injured after huddled struggle, accurate
and powerful performance of the structure and dynamics of the animal.
oil paintingportrait paintinganimals paintinglandscapes
paintingdecorate paintingPaleolithic Art before the Upper Paleolithic, although the lack of
evidence of human image imitation performance, but a practical tool for making
and improved, has been shown in many aesthetic factors. Such as the hand ax
geometric shape, sense of symmetry, edge small modification and nicks, not
primary decorative value, and manufacturing tools to prepare for the creation
of works of art modeling techniques. Upper Paleolithic traditionally divided
into four main cultural:①Aurignacian culture, cultural②Perigord,③Solutrean culture,④Magdalenian culture. Aurignacian culture is named after the
Aurignacian caves in France on the Garonne. Named after France's Perigord Perigord
culture, they synthesized the early stages of development of Paleolithic art,
female figurines found near Velen the Dov cultural layer in Mordovia, is called
" Velen Dov Wiener year carved piece of bone, stone, can be found in the
hole on the mural corresponding style the famous caves Lascaux is the most
important representatives of this stage. Solutrean culture was named after
France Thorne - Loire Solutrean, Magdalenian culture takes its name from the
French Dordogne Magdalenian hole, they constitute a late stage of Paleolithic
art, the typical Altamira Cave in Spain. The Paleolithic art creators
Cro-Magnon people, they belong to the Homo sapiens stage with modern
constitution (in particular, the capacity of the brain) undifferentiated. When
the ice cover of the European continent, many prairie animals concentrated in
the south of France and northern Spain, such as the long-haired rhinoceros,
mammoths and reindeer, France - Cantabrian even as the center, Cro-Magnon
hunting The people live in a natural cave, and accumulation of skills,
experience and knowledge in the long-term struggle for production, and
strengthen people's understanding of themselves and their living environment,
the development of the spiritual and cultural, painting on the cave, as a tool
to add decorative carving. This artistic activities spread to vast areas of the
formation of the different local differences in style, but as a whole, their
significance and style is unified. Some graphics clearly done by one hand,
these cave-drawn graphics are made by a small number of specialized
(sorcerers).portrait paintinglandscapes paintingdecorate painting  Paleolithic cave art
creation process is complete, first discovered some of the paintings in the
finger marks on the wall, may imitate bear claw marks left from these 指痕gradually appear simple, local animal images. Early animal hook
only the rough outline shape gradually precise tactics increasingly rich; draw
a rich sense of volume to Magdalenian culture period with a variety of color,
perspective and accurate large animals, vivid gesture. Often rely on rock walls
natural of subcarinal gap as modeling foundation. Hole in through the light
irradiation, or The uneven stone looks very much like the hole of Home
Ownership in the hole depths swaying the fire in daily contact with the animal
images. This psychological projection played a certain role in the formation
process of the cave art.portrait
paintingPaleolithic art, is
generally regarded as a hunting witchcraft, drawings or sculpture to achieve
the purpose of the to control hunting objects or proliferation of animal
resources. Spears and bows and arrows in the era of the Cro-Magnon people,
equipped with wooden handle, from the early Paleolithic budding sorcery, as the
production of a "concept", then quite complete. Can clearly see that
in many cave paintings, unfinished, held a ceremony traces spear kill shot.
Some animals engraved arrow bunch spearhead or trap. Many animals are
concentrated draw on a particular wall, probably think that these wall magic, a
variety of image often overlap with each other, may them like a real animal,
once a "kill" you have to re-draw. In the same period of Pets moving
appliances arts, also found a similar treatment. Some animals and the image of
the painting in the vicinity of the porosity of the rock wall on behalf of
Mother Earth genital, which is to promote them birth, regeneration and
hyperplasia. Hole area ofdaily life of the people living in the hole to the Ministry of the
painting and sculpture often draw deep in the cave means hunting witchcraft
ceremony itself is in the land of his mother's womb. Pursuit of realism in
these paintings, in order to improve the inductive effects of witchcraft.oil paintingportrait paintinganimals paintinglandscapes paintingPaleolithic art themes mainly
animal figures accounted for a considerable proportion, the the plants image of
only a few to a few cases, there handprints and geometric patterns. European
bison, wild horses, wild sheep, mammoths, rhinos, deer and some carnivorous
animal animals reindeer in the account for a great proportion of the people at
that time of life, its horn, bone, skin, flesh and blood are widely take
advantage of, but portrayed not by much, probably because the reindeer and
warm, clumsy body, easy to kill, the number of the addition, without the aid of
witchcraft sake. Similarly, plant production (wooden tools people) And the
important dependent objects in life (floral and leaf pulp), but almost did not
add portrayed. Characters portrayed often mask covering her face, or personal
first beast, this inference when people own image depicting special forbidden.
Some may be true portrayal of the shaman practices, some the sorcerer painting
in animal concentration in order to reflect the strong control force. Character
in the given circumstances as the image of being hurt, and some who inserted
more characters (especially in the the art apparatus) is created as the
proliferation of racial idol image predominantly female.Paleolithic art
distribution range is relatively concentrated, as the center of the cave art in
France - Cantabrian even. Southern Spain, the south of the Italian peninsula
and Sicily also found that some of the murals of the caves, the earliest cave
paintings found in the Ural region of the Soviet Union. Appliances art distribution
range is much broader, have been found in parts of Germany, Austria,
Czechoslovakia, Poland, the Soviet Union. Appliances art and cave art time and
the same style, the Cro-Magnon people in these areas may safari can not find a
suitable cave painting or paintings on the rock not been handed down, only
appliances arts. Appliances art portable, but also conducive to their spread.oil paintingportrait paintinganimals paintinglandscapes paintingdecorate paintingMesolithic Art after 10,000 years BC. With the end of the Ice Age,
the climate gets warmer, land animals and plants have experienced changes
affect human life, human culture has changed to adapt to the new environment,
resulting in a new form of artistic expression, produced murals, carved chisel,
small sculpture. The animal moved north, mainly to depict animals Paleolithic
cave art and appliances arts tradition disappeared, replaced by a weak art.portrait
paintingMesolithic Art can be
divided into three regions. A region is a prosperous region of southern France,
northern Spain Paleolithic cave art, the said A Qili culture, leaving little
works, its works represent some pebbles on red or black color painting dots and
lines, This is Paleolithic Magdalenian geometry during the continuation of the
style, but the specific use is unknown.The two regions are the Nordic, mainly
rock art. In the open-air cliff boulder painted or carved art works and
activities (works portray stones or other materials can be moved). Paleolithic
carving found some areas may be created by glaciers during the warm phase
safari this crowd, some Stone Age people follow grassland animals moved north
to the Nordic. France Ahrensburg found small carved wood patterned portrait,
and the southern part of the Rhine and Germany Magdalenian the late cultural
and E Qili culture thriving stylized works similarities, about 6000 BC year,
there are some semi-realistic drawings carved bone stick.oil paintingoil painting
reproductions   In Scandinavia, especially Norway, there has
been a vivid realism carving deep Paleolithic the southwest Europe cave art
legacy (in 6000 BC to 5000 years before), is the first of the Nordic
prehistoric art Phase 1. Later, about 3000 BC, and gradually replaced by a
semi-realistic style of painting beast, fish and figures, the shape is more
rigid, often depicts animal offal. Using carve concave lines and then fill
online techniques, belong to the second stage. Phase 3 began around 2000 BC, is
highly simplified program people and animals, the development of this style to
the northern part of the Soviet Union and Siberia. These creative people
hunting witchcraft. They also found that some of the unexplained symbol is
likely to be the initial text. Three regions Levant, eastern Spain. Therefore,
the fine arts, also known as the Levant Art. The region after the end of the
Ice Age, the living environment has undergone great changes. Flow in open-air
rock and cave murals, his mother questions and manifestations are very
different from the former. Character-based themes, but not simply performance,
which reflects the people's production and labor and social life, such as
hunting, mining, sacrifice, execution and life in rural scene. Animal images on
the screen still accounts for a large proportion, between the animal and the
animal, as well as contact. The size of the image is generally in the range of
15 to
20 cm, the smallest
less than
2 cm, a handful of
Paleolithic cave paintings on animal. Using a monochrome flat coated image of
people and animals, color uniformity, the pigment is hematite, kaolin, tune
resin. Hook line shape, lines skilled. Levant rock paintings are painted in the
ceremonies in the "Holy Land". These "Holy Land" has been
extended to use the Roman era.Often choose specialized rock wall repeatedly drawn
several different periods, different content paintings stacked. The earliest
the Levant special witchcraft concepts Mural power. Levantine rock art is
merely a reproduction of life of the people, or to commemorate the war or major
events.The art on the basis of the Paleolithic Levant produced a huge leap
forward, not only reflects the complex psychological connotations, more focused
on the composition process, and was already evident in the pursuit of the
aesthetic aspects of the screen. oil paintingportrait paintinganimals paintinglandscapes paintingdecorate painting Neolithic art in the north of the Alps, the prevalence of a huge
stone to build a building, its wall geometric decoration, this art is called
megalithic culture, is one of the human type of prehistoric culture created in
are distributed in many parts of the world. European megalithic culture in the
Neolithic, it without mortar adhesive, entirely with stones Leiqi. This stone
building generally divided into 4 types: stone circles, stone pillars,
megalithic tomb and temple (1) stone circles. Surrounded by a large stone, in
Ireland and the UK, to Stonehenge, in southern England, the most famous.
"Stonehenge" in Old English, Italian for "hung up stones. It in
equidistant upright boulder, resting on giant Dan Hengliang as the center of
the circle to the middle of the stone altar, a total of three circles of stones
erected a circle in the peripheral lap trenches, which sprinkled the white
soil, ditches Tateishi circle between some after calculation and then setting
scattered stones. Stonehenge is a place of religious ceremonies. 2 east of
standing stones between empty and near the trenches and a straight line, just
on the rocks that constitute the
painted oil paintingoil paintingoil painting
reproductionsProspective summer solstice
sunrise azimuth inferred stonehenge sun worship. The②pillars. The huge stones upright, the highest of up to 20 meters
high and weighs 300 tons. Some few pieces of poly stand together, plenty of
several blocks lined up the ranks. The the French Brittany pillars ranks the
most spectacular, a total of more than 3,000 boulders arranged at intervals of
three kilometers long. Explained there are several pillars use: one that is as
a place for religious ceremonies, said sector, said to commemorate the
deceased.③megalithic tomb. Some built on the
ground, some buried under a large mound, often as a family tomb. Are
distributed in northern France and Scandinavia, the United Kingdom, Ireland,
the structure mostly level masonry, Muding, and beam. Megalithic tomb of Mubi
and part of the pillars, engraved with patterns, geometric patterns rendered as
Yunlei Wen, spiral pattern, diamond-shaped pattern of concentric circles
pattern. The④Temple. Relatively complete
building is constructed with stones, which enshrines statues. Island of Malta's
megalithic temple is the most representative. The megalithic culture also
includes the small carved statues of the the giant stone portrait the same
period, and the megalithic temple. The former more than the original shape of
the stone a little chiseled from the odd shape; latter mostly female body
image, emphasizing reproductive organs, is held reproductive worship worship
idols. Its style and Neolithic rock art in common.oil paintingportrait paintinganimals paintinglandscapes paintingNeolithic rock art in Europe, completely out of the realist
tradition in Paleolithic cave art and appliances arts, has foreshadowed the
situation in the Middle Stone Age. European prehistoric art development to the
Neolithic dominant trend is gradually stylized nutshell, symbolized in the
Nordic prehistoric art can see the evolution of this process gradually. The
prevalence of the realistic style of the Levant region, but also has to coexist
symbolic artistic tendencies, this tendency may be originated in the Eastern
Mediterranean, and later extended to the Iberian Peninsula.Concentrated in the
south and southwest of Spain, many geometric and stylized graphics cliffs and
caves. Portugal, northern Spain, have also been found, also unearthed a statue,
chiseled stone tools and pottery with