Western art history -5. Seventeenth century art

The seventeenth-century
European art 17 century European art, in the Baroque style represented a
variety of styles coexistence and mutual influence era,classical paintingthe so-called "baroque" Italian semantic grotesque
affectation; Portuguese defined as an irregularly shaped pearl. It is a
derogatory term, people borrow the word mockery Baroque art with this style. It
produces in Italy, and later affecting the prevalence of European Catholic
countries, because it is the social pillar of religion, can spread to religious
As a region with the spread of religious. The main features of Baroque art
there are so few: because of its service at the Church of the upper and
nobility, to the advancement of religion and satisfy the hedonistic desire,
spared no expense to build luxurious palaces, residential, and a large number
of decorative painting, sculpture, making it appear spectacular and gorgeous.oil paintingportrait paintinganimals paintinglandscapes paintingFine Arts
emphasized rational tranquility and harmony; Renaissance and Baroque art
stressed the irrationality of infinite illusions and hallucinations, tried to
break the harmony and calm the tense atmosphere of the theater is filled with
carvings and paintings. Reflect the rich and varied architectural structure,
full of passion and a strong sense of the movement of the main characteristics
of Baroque art.decorate paintingclassical paintingWriter heart works reflect a variety of complex thoughts and
feelings, not only the external morphology exciting content also makes the
unrest, the image of the sporty soul of Baroque art, passion of its content,
form and full of a sense of intense exercise . The Baroque art gives the
feeling of always kept moving, has a strong and complex rhythmic melodies,
strong contrast of movement and a sense of instability.classical painting Building on the extensive use of curves and oval. Baroque art is
very great importance to the spatial relationship processing, exhibit space
perspective of the artistic image, painting rely on light shape, the pursuit of
space a sense of depth, the emphasis on the level and depth of architecture and
sculpture, to try to break the plane. Baroque art also stressed the Integrated
Arts processing in general, this comprehensive architecture, sculpture and
painting a comprehensive painting and sculpture integrated with each other, the
styling and the integrated environment, and also contains its own part of a
comprehensive Baroque art sheltered by religious support, so inevitably filled
with religious overtones.
classical paintingoil paintingoil painting reproductionsdecorate painting  Baroque art in different countries, different
social context of artistic style of the same: the dominant Catholic forces in
Italy and Flanders, by the religious domination of the Roman Baroque style
predominate; supremacy in the absolute monarchy, kingship French neoclassical
mainstream; citizens of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom in the developed
capitalist popular realism art. 17th-century European art and Renaissance art
compared to greater development and change: With the gradual formation of the
modern capitalist countries, different national school of painting. The
Renaissance mainly in Italy and the Netherlands, to the 17th century, there has
been a lot of rich ethnic characteristics of the school of painting, the
factions artists reflect special attention to the real life of the folk art
traditions and indigenous. classical paintingDue to the changing times, people's aesthetic ideas also undergone
tremendous changes: During the Renaissance, the main emphasis on harmony and
tranquility, the ideal of beauty, and the creative arts in the 17th century,
the emphasis on breaking the harmony, advocated the true nature of the United
States, especially Caravaggio 'a complete denial of the principles of
classicism, the pursuit of the performance of civilian life, from ordinary
people who discover beauty and wisdom. Ordinary life in the Netherlands, Spain,
painting, pop painting people and tramp these lower-class characters, often in
the artist's pen showing a person's self-confidence and dignity. If Renaissance
painters to depict God adults, is a big step forward to the 17th century, is
the abstract portrayed as specific, personalized, more social characteristics
of people.oil paintingThe
painter depicted such figures, often out of the frustration of their
progressive thinking and unfair society. In this century, the life of the
people and basically replaced religion and mythology, became the artistic image
of the subject in the painting. In addition to the figures, landscape, still life,
the artist, the subject matter of painting pay more attention to the
performance of light and color. European painters of the 17th century has also
undergone a change, is no longer craftsmen lifelong service to the church, some
of which went into the palace, became king, the guest of honor of the pope,
such as Bernini, Rubens, and his living a great wealth of life; another The
kinds of people towards the poor, wandering, such as Caravaggio.classical paintingdecorate painting Overall, the European art of the 17th century, the inheritance and
development of the Renaissance tradition of excellence, the formation of the
Baroque style, it is the mainstream style of this historical period. At the
same time, classicism and realism shine their splendor.